Classic Knit Stitch. Garter stitch
Beginner Knitting Lessons, Part 4
At this lesson, we will learn how to make the knit stitches in a classic technique, how to form the side edge of the knitted cloth and create the garter stitch.
After having cast on the foundation row of stitches on two needles, pull out one needle. Slip the first (edge) stitch from the left needle on the right one.
Now let’s make the knit stitch.
Classic Knit Stitch
Knit stitches may be made in different ways. A classic method is the most popular one. It allows obtaining the classic stitch with the parallel loops, where the right loop of stitch is located in the front. When knitting classic stitches, be sure to get beautiful patterns with no distortion to your cloth. In fact, the patterns and descriptions in books and magazines are meant for classic stitches. And if the stitch is to be made in other way – it is stipulated separately. So, let’s begin.
Insert the right needle into the stitch through the front loop, from left to right. The working strand shall stay behind the knitting.
Pick the working strand off the point finger from top downward and draw it into the stitch. Slip the stitch of the previous row from the left needle.
Continue stitching until the end of the row.
The technique of making a classic knit stitch is shown on the pattern:
Working the Side Edge (border)
There are several ways for working the side edge. They vary in their appearance and techniques. Let’s review the method, which will be the most demanded – working a side edge in a cable technique. This method will allow making the neat border and easily sewing the pieces together.
After having knitted the first row of stitches, turn your work. As we have already mentioned at the second lesson, if you make a knit stitch, it will be a purl stitch on the reverse side. So, you have the first stitch of the row on your needle – a purl stitch. The first (edge) stitch shall not be worked: slip it off by introducing the right needle through the back loop of stitch, right to left. The working string shall be located on the left.
Continue knitting knit stitches in a usual technique. At the beginning of the next row, slip off the edge stitch again. By repeating your row-by-row knitting, you will get the garter stitch. A cloth knitted using this pattern will be flexible and will keep its shape. It looks the same on both sides. Due to these properties, it has been traditionally used for knitting shawls.
Rule: to make a cable edge, slip off the first stitch of the raw (if it is a purl stitch) through the back loop of stitch.
That’s all for today. Continue knitting the cloth with the garter stitches until you feel confident enough and the work becomes smooth and good-looking. Also try knitting with different size needles and select the gauge which suits you the best: the one, allowing to create the most smooth and beautiful cloth, not too loose but not too tight as well. At the next lesson, we will learn to close the final row of stitches using the main technique.
Important! The main problem of the beginning knitters is too tight working. Relax your hands and shoulder girdle. Don’t hurry up. Proceed with your work until your stitches slip easily off the needles and the knitted cloth becomes smooth, soft and elastic. The loop shall embrace the needle but move freely and effortlessly along it.